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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2022

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission file number: 001-32136

Arbor Realty Trust, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Maryland

    

20-0057959

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

333 Earle Ovington Boulevard, Suite 900
Uniondale, NY
(Address of principal executive offices)

11553
(Zip Code)

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code): (516506-4200

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

    

Trading symbols

    

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

ABR

New York Stock Exchange

Preferred Stock, 6.375% Series D Cumulative
Redeemable, par value $0.01 per share

ABR-PD

New York Stock Exchange

Preferred Stock, 6.25% Series E Cumulative
Redeemable, par value $0.01 per share

ABR-PE

New York Stock Exchange

Preferred Stock, 6.25% Series F Fixed-to-
Floating Rate Cumulative Redeemable, par value
$0.01 per share

ABR-PF

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer  

    

Accelerated filer  

    

Non-accelerated filer  

Smaller reporting company  

Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

Issuer has 171,523,592 shares of common stock outstanding at October 28, 2022.

Table of Contents

INDEX

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

    

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

2

Consolidated Balance Sheets

2

Consolidated Statements of Income

3

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

4

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

6

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

8

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

50

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

66

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

67

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

67

Item 1A. Risk Factors

67

Item 6. Exhibits

68

Signatures

69

Table of Contents

Forward-Looking Statements

The information contained in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q is not a complete description of our business or the risks associated with an investment in Arbor Realty Trust, Inc. We urge you to carefully review and consider the various disclosures in this report, as well as information in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (the “2021 Annual Report”) filed with the SEC on February 18, 2022 and in our other reports and filings with the SEC.

This report contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements relate to, among other things, the operating performance of our investments and financing needs. We use words such as “anticipate,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “should,” “could,” “will,” “may” and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements include these words. Forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions, discuss future expectations, describe future plans and strategies, contain projections of results of operations or of financial condition or state other forward-looking information. Our ability to predict results or the actual effect of future plans or strategies is inherently uncertain. These forward-looking statements involve risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results in future periods to differ materially from forecasted results. Factors that could have a material adverse effect on our operations and future prospects include, but are not limited to, changes in economic conditions generally, and the real estate market specifically, in particular, due to the uncertainties created by the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic; the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, results of operations and financial condition; adverse changes in our status with government-sponsored enterprises affecting our ability to originate loans through such programs; changes in interest rates; the quality and size of the investment pipeline and the rate at which we can invest our cash; impairments in the value of the collateral underlying our loans and investments; changes in federal and state laws and regulations, including changes in tax laws; the availability and cost of capital for future investments; and competition. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any of these forward-looking statements, which reflect our views as of the date of this report. The factors noted above could cause our actual results to differ significantly from those contained in any forward-looking statement.

Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. We are under no duty to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this report to conform these statements to actual results.

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

ARBOR REALTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

($ in thousands, except share and per share data)

    

September 30, 

    

December 31, 

2022

2021

(Unaudited)

Assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

389,651

$

404,580

Restricted cash

 

922,531

 

486,690

Loans and investments, net (allowance for credit losses of $122,296 and $113,241)

14,791,426

11,981,048

Loans held-for-sale, net

543,876

1,093,609

Capitalized mortgage servicing rights, net

403,886

422,734

Securities held-to-maturity, net (allowance for credit losses of $2,090 and $1,753)

157,818

140,484

Investments in equity affiliates

 

84,047

 

89,676

Due from related party

 

24,740

 

84,318

Goodwill and other intangible assets

97,242

100,760

Other assets

 

346,912

 

269,946

Total assets

$

17,762,129

$

15,073,845

Liabilities and Equity:

Credit and repurchase facilities

$

4,633,132

$

4,481,579

Collateralized loan obligations

 

7,971,996

 

5,892,810

Senior unsecured notes

 

1,283,527

 

1,280,545

Convertible senior unsecured notes, net

346,040

259,385

Junior subordinated notes to subsidiary trust issuing preferred securities

 

142,933

 

142,382

Due to related party

 

5,564

 

26,570

Due to borrowers

 

67,472

 

96,641

Allowance for loss-sharing obligations

53,511

56,064

Other liabilities

 

303,948

 

287,885

Total liabilities

 

14,808,123

 

12,523,861

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)

 

 

Equity:

Arbor Realty Trust, Inc. stockholders' equity:

Preferred stock, cumulative, redeemable, $0.01 par value: 100,000,000 shares authorized, shares issued and outstanding by period:

633,684

 

556,163

Special voting preferred shares - 16,293,589 and 16,325,095 shares

6.375% Series D - 9,200,000 shares

6.25% Series E - 5,750,000 shares

6.25% Series F - 11,342,000 and 8,050,000 shares

Common stock, $0.01 par value: 500,000,000 shares authorized - 171,523,808 and 151,362,181 shares issued and outstanding

 

1,715

 

1,514

Additional paid-in capital

 

2,105,909

 

1,797,913

Retained earnings

 

79,531

 

62,532

Total Arbor Realty Trust, Inc. stockholders' equity

2,820,839

2,418,122

Noncontrolling interest

133,167

131,862

Total equity

 

2,954,006

 

2,549,984

Total liabilities and equity

$

17,762,129

$

15,073,845

Note: Our consolidated balance sheets include assets and liabilities of consolidated variable interest entities, or VIEs, as we are the primary beneficiary of these VIEs. At September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, assets of our consolidated VIEs totaled $9,754,533 and $7,144,806, respectively, and the liabilities of our consolidated VIEs totaled $7,989,263 and $5,902,623, respectively. See Note 14 for discussion of our VIEs.

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

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ARBOR REALTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)

($ in thousands, except share and per share data)

Three Months Ended September 30, 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 

    

2022

    

2021

    

2022

    

2021

Interest income

$

259,778

$

125,480

$

627,804

$

321,772

Interest expense

160,452

 

55,560

 

350,079

 

144,122

Net interest income

99,326

 

69,920

 

277,725

 

177,650

Other revenue:

Gain on sales, including fee-based services, net

14,360

16,334

32,526

86,102

Mortgage servicing rights

19,408

32,453

52,287

95,688

Servicing revenue, net

22,744

20,088

64,513

50,939

Property operating income

445

1,031

(Loss) gain on derivative instruments, net

(15,909)

(1,492)

10,083

(7,320)

Other income, net

(6,014)

 

2,195

 

(16,061)

 

4,140

Total other revenue

35,034

 

69,578

 

144,379

 

229,549

Other expenses:

Employee compensation and benefits

38,811

41,973

119,736

 

128,647

Selling and administrative

13,225

11,757

40,960

 

33,707

Property operating expenses

366

149

1,443

 

421

Depreciation and amortization

2,078

1,807

6,092

 

5,349

Provision for loss sharing (net of recoveries)

412

(3,272)

(2,199)

(1,070)

Provision for credit losses (net of recoveries)

2,274

(3,799)

9,700

 

(12,689)

Total other expenses

 

57,166

 

48,615

 

175,732

 

154,365

Income before extinguishment of debt, sale of real estate, income from equity affiliates and income taxes

 

77,194

 

90,883

 

246,372

 

252,834

Loss on extinguishment of debt

(3,262)

(4,612)

(1,370)

Gain on sale of real estate

1,228

Income from equity affiliates

4,748

5,086

18,507

32,095

Benefit from (provision for) income taxes

374

(9,905)

(13,166)

(33,356)

Net income

 

79,054

 

86,064

 

247,101

 

251,431

Preferred stock dividends

 

10,342

 

4,913

 

30,612

 

13,216

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

6,002

8,347

19,811

26,806

Net income attributable to common stockholders

$

62,710

$

72,804

$

196,678

$

211,409

Basic earnings per common share

$

0.37

$

0.51

$

1.21

$

1.57

Diluted earnings per common share

$

0.36

$

0.51

$

1.18

$

1.56

Weighted average shares outstanding:

Basic

170,227,553

 

142,624,300

 

162,292,235

 

134,437,663

Diluted

205,865,016

160,270,905

195,529,340

152,691,461

Dividends declared per common share

$

0.39

$

0.35

$

1.14

$

1.02

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

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ARBOR REALTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (Unaudited)

($ in thousands, except shares)

Three Months Ended September 30, 2022

Total Arbor

Preferred

Preferred

Common

Common